The Ten Commandments in the New Testament
It is an interesting fact that the New Testament gives divine sanction to each of the ten commandments.
1st commandment,‑ Matt 22:37.
2nd commandment,‑ 1 John 5:21; 1 Cor 10:19-21; John 4:24.
3rd commandment,‑ Matt 5:33-37.
4th commandment,‑ Mark 2:27-28; Matt 24:20; 28:1; Mark 16:1-2; Luke 4:16; 23:54-56.
5th commandment,‑ Matt 15:4-9; Eph 6:1-3.
6th commandment,‑ Matt 5:21-22; 1 John 3:15.
7th commandment,‑ Matt 5:27-28; 19:9, 18.
8th commandment,‑ Matt 19:18; 15:19.
9th commandment,‑ Matt 19:18.
10th commandment,‑Rom 7:7; Matt 19:21-22.
The Law of God
Ps. 19:7 “The law of the LORD [is] perfect, converting the soul: the testimony of the LORD [is] sure, making wise the simple.”
The law is perfect.
GC 468 “The first step in reconciliation to God is the conviction of sin. “Sin is the transgression of the law.” “By the law is the knowledge of sin.” 1 John 3:4; Romans 3:20. In order to see his guilt, the sinner must test his character by God’s great standard of righteousness. It is a mirror which shows the perfection of a righteous character and enables him to discern the defects in his own.
“The law reveals to man his sins, but it provides no remedy. While it promises life to the obedient, it declares that death is the portion of the transgressor. The gospel of Christ alone can free him from the condemnation or the defilement of sin. He must exercise repentance toward God, whose law has been transgressed; and faith in Christ, his atoning sacrifice. Thus he obtains “remission of sins that are past” and becomes a partaker of the divine nature.”
“In the new birth the heart is brought into harmony with God, as it is brought into accord with His law. When this mighty change has taken place in the sinner, he has passed from death unto life, from sin unto holiness, from transgression and rebellion to obedience and loyalty. The old life of alienation from God has ended; the new life of reconciliation, of faith and love, has begun. Then “the righteousness of the law” will “be fulfilled in us, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit.” Romans 8:4.”
Rom 7:12 “Wherefore the law [is] holy, and the commandment holy, and just, and good.”
Holy, just, and good.
GC 433-434 “The ark in the tabernacle on earth contained the two tables of stone, upon which were inscribed the precepts of the law of God. The ark was merely a receptacle for the tables of the law, and the presence of these divine precepts gave to it its value and sacredness. When the temple of God was opened in heaven, the ark of His testament was seen. Within the holy of holies, in the sanctuary in heaven, the divine law is sacredly enshrined–the law that was spoken by God Himself amid the thunders of Sinai and written with His own finger on the tables of stone.
The law of God in the sanctuary in heaven is the great original, of which the precepts inscribed upon the tables of stone and recorded by Moses in the Pentateuch were an unerring transcript. Those who arrived at an understanding of this important point were thus led to see the sacred, unchanging character of the divine law. They saw, as never before, the force of the Saviour’s words: “Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law.” Matthew 5:18. The law of God, being a revelation of His will, a transcript of His character, must forever endure, “as a faithful witness in heaven.” Not one command has been annulled; not a jot or tittle has been changed. Says the psalmist: “Forever, O Lord, Thy word is settled in heaven.” “All His commandments are sure. They stand fast for ever and ever.” Psalm 119:89; 111:7, 8.”
Matt 5:17-18 “Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil.For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled.”
Christ forbade anyone even thinking that He would change the law.
Col 1:25 “Whereof I am made a minister, according to the dispensation of God which is given to me for you, to fulfil the word of God;”
margin. To fulfill is to preach fully.
Isa 42:21 “The LORD is well pleased for his righteousness’ sake; he will magnify the law, and make [it] honourable.”
Christ magnified the law.
Matt. 5:21-26 “Ye have heard that it was said by them of old time, Thou shalt not kill; and whosoever shall kill shall be in danger of the judgment:But I say unto you, That whosoever is angry with his brother without a cause shall be in danger of the judgment: and whosoever shall say to his brother, Raca, shall be in danger of the council: but whosoever shall say, Thou fool, shall be in danger of hell fire.Therefore if thou bring thy gift to the altar, and there rememberest that thy brother hath ought against thee;Leave there thy gift before the altar, and go thy way; first be reconciled to thy brother, and then come and offer thy gift.Agree with thine adversary quickly, whiles thou art in the way with him; lest at any time the adversary deliver thee to the judge, and the judge deliver thee to the officer, and thou be cast into prison.Verily I say unto thee, Thou shalt by no means come out thence, till thou hast paid the uttermost farthing.”
1 John 3:15 “Whosoever hateth his brother is a murderer: and ye know that no murderer hath eternal life abiding in him.”
Hatred in heart breaks the law.
Ps 119:96 “I have seen an end of all perfection: [but] thy commandment [is] exceeding broad. “
The commandments are exceedingly broad.
Matt 5:27-28 “Ye have heard that it was said by them of old time, Thou shalt not commit adultery:But I say unto you, That whosoever looketh on a woman to lust after her hath committed adultery with her already in his heart.”
Impure thoughts break the law.
DA 310 “Jesus takes up the commandments separately, and explains the depth and breadth of their requirement. Instead of removing one jot of their force, He shows how far-reaching their principles are, and exposes the fatal mistake of the Jews in their outward show of obedience. He declares that by the evil thought or the lustful look the law of God is transgressed. One who becomes a party to the least injustice is breaking the law and degrading his own moral nature. Murder first exists in the mind. He who gives hatred a place in his heart is setting his feet in the path of the murderer, and his offerings are abhorrent to God.”
Matt 5:33-37 “Again, ye have heard that it hath been said by them of old time, Thou shalt not forswear thyself, but shalt perform unto the Lord thine oaths:But I say unto you, Swear not at all; neither by heaven; for it is God’s throne:Nor by the earth; for it is his footstool: neither by Jerusalem; for it is the city of the great King.Neither shalt thou swear by thy head, because thou canst not make one hair white or black.But let your communication be, Yea, yea; Nay, nay: for whatsoever is more than these cometh of evil.”
The use of bywords is swearing.
Mark 7:7-13 “Howbeit in vain do they worship me, teaching [for] doctrines the commandments of men.For laying aside the commandment of God, ye hold the tradition of men, [as] the washing of pots and cups: and many other such like things ye do.And he said unto them, Full well ye reject the commandment of God, that ye may keep your own tradition.For Moses said, Honour thy father and thy mother; and, Whoso curseth father or mother, let him die the death:But ye say, If a man shall say to his father or mother, [It is] Corban, that is to say, a gift, by whatsoever thou mightest be profited by me; [he shall be free].And ye suffer him no more to do ought for his father or his mother;Making the word of God of none effect through your tradition, which ye have delivered: and many such like things do ye.”
Tradition can never take the place of the law.
Matt 19:16-22 “And, behold, one came and said unto him, Good Master, what good thing shall I do, that I may have eternal life?And he said unto him, Why callest thou me good? [there is] none good but one, [that is], God: but if thou wilt enter into life, keep the commandments.He saith unto him, Which? Jesus said, Thou shalt do no murder, Thou shalt not commit adultery, Thou shalt not steal, Thou shalt not bear false witness,Honour thy father and [thy] mother: and, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself.The young man saith unto him, All these things have I kept from my youth up: what lack I yet?Jesus said unto him, If thou wilt be perfect, go [and] sell that thou hast, and give to the poor, and thou shalt have treasure in heaven: and come [and] follow me.But when the young man heard that saying, he went away sorrowful: for he had great possessions.”
There is life in obedience.
Luke 10:25-26 “And, behold, a certain lawyer stood up, and tempted him, saying, Master, what shall I do to inherit eternal life?He said unto him, What is written in the law? how readest thou?”
Carefully consider “what is written in the law”; take it as it reads.
John 15:10 “If ye keep my commandments, ye shall abide in my love; even as I have kept my Father’s commandments, and abide in his love.”
Christ kept the law.
8T 208 “Never did Christ deviate from loyalty to the principles of God’s law. Never did He do anything contrary to the will of His Father. Before angels, men, and demons He could speak words that from any other lips would have been blasphemy: “I do always those things that please Him.” John 8:29. Day by day for three years His enemies followed Him, trying to find some stain in His character. Satan, with all his confederacy of evil, sought to overcome Him; but they found nothing in Him by which to gain advantage. Even the devils were forced to confess: “Thou art the Holy One of God.””
COL 282-283 “God stands toward His people in the relation of a father, and He has a father’s claim to our faithful service. Consider the life of Christ. Standing at the head of humanity, serving His Father, He is an example of what every son should and may be. The obedience that Christ rendered God requires from human beings today. He served His Father with love, in willingness and freedom. “I delight to do Thy will, O My God,” He declared; “yea, Thy law is within My heart.” Psalm 40:8. Christ counted no sacrifice too great, no toil too hard, in order to accomplish the work which He came to do. At the age of twelve He said, “Wist ye not that I must be about My Father’s business?” Luke 2:49. He had heard the call, and had taken up the work. “My meat,” He said, “is to do the will of Him that sent Me, and to finish His work.” John 4:34.”
“God’s great object in the working out of His providences is to try men, to give them opportunity to develop character. Thus He proves whether they are obedient or disobedient to His commands. Good works do not purchase the love of God, but they reveal that we possess that love. If we surrender the will to God, we shall not work in order to earn God’s love. His love as a free gift will be received into the soul, and from love to Him we shall delight to obey His commandments.”
Matt 22:34-40 “But when the Pharisees had heard that he had put the Sadducees to silence, they were gathered together.Then one of them, [which was] a lawyer, asked [him a question], tempting him, and saying,Master, which [is] the great commandment in the law?Jesus said unto him, Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind.This is the first and great commandment.And the second [is] like unto it, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself.On these two commandments hang all the law and the prophets.”
The law embraces our full duty to God and fellowmen
GC 467 “The law of God, from its very nature, is unchangeable. It is a revelation of the will and the character of its Author. God is love, and His law is love. Its two great principles are love to God and love to man. “Love is the fulfilling of the law.” Romans 13:10. The character of God is righteousness and truth; such is the nature of His law. Says the psalmist: “Thy law is the truth:” “all Thy commandments are righteousness.” Psalm 119:142, 172. And the apostle Paul declares: “The law is holy, and the commandment holy, and just, and good.” Romans 7:12. Such a law, being an expression of the mind and will of God, must be as enduring as its Author.”
Matt 12:1-8 “At that time Jesus went on the sabbath day through the corn; and his disciples were an hungred, and began to pluck the ears of corn, and to eat.But when the Pharisees saw [it], they said unto him, Behold, thy disciples do that which is not lawful to do upon the sabbath day.But he said unto them, Have ye not read what David did, when he was an hungred, and they that were with him;How he entered into the house of God, and did eat the shewbread, which was not lawful for him to eat, neither for them which were with him, but only for the priests?Or have ye not read in the law, how that on the sabbath days the priests in the temple profane the sabbath, and are blameless?But I say unto you, That in this place is [one] greater than the temple.But if ye had known what [this] meaneth, I will have mercy, and not sacrifice, ye would not have condemned the guiltless.For the Son of man is Lord even of the sabbath day.”
Christ’s disciples accused of breaking the Sabbath. He was Lord of it.
DA 204 “
DA 284-286 “If it was right for David to satisfy his hunger by eating of the bread that had been set apart to a holy use, then it was right for the disciples to supply their need by plucking the grain upon the sacred hours of the Sabbath. Again, the priests in the temple performed greater labor on the Sabbath than upon other days. The same labor in secular business would be sinful; but the work of the priests was in the service of God. They were performing those rites that pointed to the redeeming power of Christ, and their labor was in harmony with the object of the Sabbath. But now Christ Himself had come. The disciples, in doing the work of Christ, were engaged in God’s service, and that which was necessary for the accomplishment of this work it was right to do on the Sabbath day.
“Christ would teach His disciples and His enemies that the service of God is first of all. The object of God’s work in this world is the redemption of man; therefore that which is necessary to be done on the Sabbath in the accomplishment of this work is in accord with the Sabbath law. Jesus then crowned His argument by declaring Himself the “Lord of the Sabbath,”–One above all question and above all law. This infinite Judge acquits the disciples of blame, appealing to the very statutes they are accused of violating.
“Jesus did not let the matter pass without administering a rebuke to His enemies. He declared that in their blindness they had mistaken the object of the Sabbath. He said, “If ye had known what this meaneth, I will have mercy, and not sacrifice, ye would not have condemned the guiltless.” Matthew 12:7. Their many heartless rites could not supply the lack of that truthful integrity and tender love which will ever characterize the true worshiper of God.
“Again Christ reiterated the truth that the sacrifices were in themselves of no value. They were a means, and not an end. Their object was to direct men to the Saviour, and thus to bring them into harmony with God. It is the service of love that God values.”
Matt 12:10-14 “And, behold, there was a man which had [his] hand withered. And they asked him, saying, Is it lawful to heal on the sabbath days? that they might accuse him.And he said unto them, What man shall there be among you, that shall have one sheep, and if it fall into a pit on the sabbath day, will he not lay hold on it, and lift [it] out?How much then is a man better than a sheep? Wherefore it is lawful to do well on the sabbath days.Then saith he to the man, Stretch forth thine hand. And he stretched [it] forth; and it was restored whole, like as the other. Then the Pharisees went out, and held a council against him, how they might destroy him.”
“It is lawful to do well on the Sabbath‑day .”
Luke 4:16 “And he came to Nazareth, where he had been brought up: and, as his custom was, he went into the synagogue on the sabbath day, and stood up for to read.”
Christ kept the 4th commandment.
1 Peter 2:21 “For even hereunto were ye called: because Christ also suffered for us, leaving us an example, that ye should follow his steps:”
Follow His steps.
1. By what means did the Jews know God’s will?
“Behold, thou art called a Jew, and restest in the law, and makest thy boast of God, and knowest His will, … being instructed out of the law.” Rom 2:17-18.
2. What did they have in the law?
“Which hast the form of knowledge and of the truth in the law.” Rom 2:20.
NOTE.—The written law presents the form of knowledge and of the truth. Grace and truth, or grace and the reality or realization of that which the written law demands, came by Jesus Christ. He was the law in life and action.
3. What did Jesus say of His attitude toward the law?
“Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil.” Matt 5:17.
NOTE.—By the expression “the law” here is meant the five books of Moses; and by “the prophets,” the writings of the prophets. Christ did not come to set aside or to destroy either of these, but to fulfill both, The ceremonialism of types and shadows contained in the books written by Moses He fulfilled by meeting them as their great Antitype. The moral law, the great basic fabric underlying all of Moses’ writings, Christ fulfilled by a life of perfect obedience to all its requirements. The prophets He fulfilled in His advent as the Messiah, Prophet, Teacher, and Saviour foretold by them.
4. What did He teach concerning the stability of the law?
“For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled.” Matt 5:18.
5. In what instruction did He emphasize the importance of keeping the law?
“Whosoever therefore shall break one of these least commandments, and shall teach men so, he shall be called the least in the kingdom of heaven: but whosoever shall do and teach them, the same shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven.” Matt 5:19.
6. What did Christ tell the rich young man to do in order to enter into life?
“If thou wilt enter into life, keep the commandments.” Matt 19:17.
7. When asked which commandments, what did Jesus say?
NOTE.—While not quoting all of the ten commandments, Jesus quoted sufficient of them to show that He referred to the moral law. In quoting the second great commandment He called attention to the great principle underlying the second table of the law,—love to one’s neighbour,—which the rich young man, in his covetousness, was not keeping.
8. Does faith render the law void?
“Do we then make void the law through faith? God forbid: yea, we establish the law.” Rom 3:31.
9. How is the law fulfilled?
“Owe no man anything, but to love one another: for he that loveth another hath fulfilled the law. For this, Thou shalt not commit adultery, Thou shalt not kill, Thou shalt not steal, Thou shalt not bear false witness, Thou shalt not covet; and if there be any other commandment [touching our duty to our fellow men], it is briefly comprehended in this saying, namely, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. Love worketh no ill to his neighbour: therefore love is the fulfilling of the law.” Rom 13:8-10.
10. What is of more importance than any outward ceremony?
“Circumcision is nothing, and uncircumcision is nothing, but the keeping of the commandments of God.” 1 Cor 7:19.
11. What kind of mind is not subject to the law of God?
“Because the carnal mind is enmity against God: for it is not subject to the law of God, neither indeed can be.” Rom 8:7.
12. What proves that the law is an undivided whole?
“For whosoever shall keep the whole law, and yet offend in one point, he is guilty of all. For He that said [margin, that law which said], Do not commit adultery, said also, Do not kill. Now if thou commit no adultery, yet if thou kill, thou art become a transgressor of the law. So speak ye, and so do, as they that shall be judged by the law of liberty.” James 2:10-12.
13. How is sin defined?
“Whosoever committeth sin transgresseth also the law: for sin is the transgression of the law.” 1 John 3:4.
14. How may we know that we love the children of God?
“By this we know that we love the children of God, when we love God, and keep His commandments.” 1 John 5:2.
15. What is the love of God declared to be?
“For this is the love of God, that we keep His commandments: and His commandments are not grievous.” 1 John 5:3.
16. How is the church of the last days described?
“And the dragon was wroth with the woman, and went to make war with the remnant of her seed, which keep the commandments of God, and have the testimony of Jesus Christ.” “Here is the patience of the saints: here are they that keep the commandments of God, and the faith of Jesus.” Rev 12:17; 14:12.
HOW blest the children of the Lord, Who, walking in His sight,
Make all the precepts of His Word Their study and delight!
What precious wealth shall be their dower, Which cannot know decay;
Which moth and rust shall ne’er devour, Or spoiler take away.
HARRIET AUBER .
Love – the Fulfilling of the Law
“If the love of God is shed abroad in your heart,” says Mr. Moody, “you will be able to fulfil the law.” Paul reduces the commandments to one: “Thou shalt love,” and says that “love is the fulfilling of the law.” This truth may be demonstrated thus:—
1. Love to God will admit no other god.
2. Love will not debase the object it adores.
3. Love to God will never dishonour His name.
4. Love to God will reverence His day.
5. Love to parents will honour them.
6. Hate, not love, is a murderer.
7. Lust, not love, commits adultery.
8. Love will give, but never steal.
9. Love will not slander nor lie.
10. Love’s eye is not covetous.
Principles Underlying the Ten Commandments
1. Faith and loyalty. Heb 11:6; Matt 4:8-10.
2. Worship. Jer 10:10-12; Ps 115:3-8; Rev 14:6, 7.
3. Reverence. Ps 111:9; 89:7; Heb 12:28; 2 Tim 2:19.
4. Holiness, or sanctification, and consecration. 1 Peter 1:15, 16; Heb 12:14; Ex 31:13; Eze 20:12; 1 Cor 1:30; Prov 3:6.
5. Obedience, or respect for authority. Eph 6:1-3; Col 3:20; 2 Kings 2:23, 24.
6. Love. Lev 19:17; 1 John 3:15; Matt 5:21-26, 43-48.
7. Purity. Matt 5:8; Eph 5:3, 4; Col 3:5, 6; 1 Tim 5:22; 1 Peter 2:11.
8. Honesty. Rom 12:17; Eph 4:28; 2 Thess 3:10-12.
9. Truthfullness. Eph 4:25; Col 3:9; Prov 6:16-19; 12:19; Rev 21:27; 22:15.
10. Contentment and unselfishness. Eph 5:5; Col 3:5 ; 1 Tim 6:6-11; Heb 13:5.
A537.Law of God in the New Testament
THE LAW OF GOD
IN NEW TESTAMENT
In the following scriptures it will be seen that each of the ten commandments was taught by the apostles:
Acts 14:11-15—” Living and True God.”
1 Cor 8:4-6–” Idol nothing—One God.”
1 Cor 12:2—”Gentiles—These Dumb Idols.”
1 Cor 10:14—”Flee from Idolatry.”
Acts 17:29—”Ought Not Think God Like Gold, Silver, etc.”
1 John 5:21—“Keep Yourselves From Idols.”
James 5:12—”Swear Not—Yea Be Yea.”
Heb 4:9—”There Remaineth—“
Acts 16:13—”Sabbath Day—River Side.”
Acts 17:2—”His Manner—Three Sabbath Days.”
Eph 6:2—”Honor Thy Father and Mother.”
Rom 13:9—”Shalt Not Kill—”
Rom 13:9—”Shalt Not Commit Adultery—”
Rom 13:9—”Not Bear False Witness—”
Rom 13:9—”Not Covet—”